At ESOP Builders, we know there is value in doing things face to face, however certain circumstances require conducting business virtually. And why not conduct more and more business virtually? It’s almost more challenging to not conduct work virtually since there is motivation to do so in the form of COVID restricting in person contact, and ease or convenience to do it in the form of user-friendly technology.
As our previous ESOP clients will know, a key step in our implementation process is to have a Town Hall with employees to describe and explain the program, as well as educate and answer questions. Recently, however clients in the middle of the implementation process in March 2020 were suddenly thrown a completely unexpected curve-ball. One client moved forward with their ESOP, although delayed, and conducted our first ever virtual Town Hall. This client had moved all company meetings to virtual and said that overall it went well, but they found the need to significantly reduce meeting durations because people just can’t pay attention on a screen for that long. We worked with them to cut down the content from a 1-2 hour session to 30 minutes (including time for questions). However, the management team also did informal communication to ensure everyone understood the program, pushing to get everyone to ask questions, which was key when having such a short minute meeting for something that does require more. Also a key part of the Town Hall was having a detailed and straight forward employee info package for employees to review and contemplate after hearing about the plan during the Town Hall. This is something we always provide, but it is particularly useful when dealing in a virtual environment.
This particular client experienced a 60% and 70% participation rate (they implemented ESOPs in two different companies) which is excellent given the norm is 60-75%. Under the circumstances we revised our expectations to around 50% participation, therefore we are very pleased with the result and commend the company for making it happen!
Fortunately, technology made it easy to adapt and work through a different way of doing things.
While many businesses deferred thinking about implementing a shared ownership plan back in April, now may just be the right time to start taking action. Businesses have adapted and started to see the beginning signs of operations picking up again.
There are around 7,000 ESOPs in the US according to Mary Joseph’s article in Forbes (2020). A Deloitte (2018) found that about three quarters of publicly traded companies offer ESPPs (Employee Stock Purchase Plan). However, we want to see Canadian plans continue to rise. A plan can be set up many ways driven by the goals of the owner, the company, and the participants.
Joseph outlined some reasons why an ESOP should be implemented. In this blog we will use her concepts to similarly highlight some reasons but from a Canadian perspective.
Company Performance – The most compelling purpose for a time like this is that ESOPs outperform non esop companies during tough times. This is seen in studies comparing companies’ sales, profits, hiring activities, etc. For example, the researchers at the Institute for the Study of Employee Ownership and Profit Sharing at Rutgers University found that ESOP companies grew sales during 2008-09 11.1% while non-employee-owned companies grew by just 0.61%.
An Ownership Mindset – Employees are also owners and they have a different mindset toward their company and how it works compared to non-employee owners. Think about a renter of a building versus an owner. Employees think about things like their paycheck, Fridays, time off, or the “me mentality”. Owners think of things like sales, profit, expenses, clients, company projects, cash flow, etc. or the “us mentality”. Employee owners understand the bigger picture and are likely to find ways to boost sales and/or cut costs more so than if they were not an owner. When the company does well, everyone individually does well too. As a customer would you prefer to deal with the owner or someone who doesn’t have that level of stake in the company’s success? Usually the owner will be the one giving the best service. When all your employees are also owners client satisfaction soars. Research from the NCEO shows that employees at ESOP companies are less likely to be laid off. Recent research from Rutgers University (2018) also indicates that retirement accounts of employees at ESOP companies are significantly greater than those at non-ESOP companies.
Successful Exit for the Founding Owner – It makes sense for the founding owner because sale to a third party is only successful about 50% of the time. Selling to your employees on the other hand has an 80% success rate. Why is this you may wonder? For a small or medium sized private Canadian company, third party offers may be hard to come by, and when they do they may not meet the expectations of the owner in terms of what the company is worth and what will happen to the company once the deal is done. Many of our clients want to share the success that their employees have helped create and continue the legacy of their business. The employees are already invested by way of the time and effort they have committed over the years, they are more likely to want to see the business succeed. Not to mention they already know their jobs, know how the company works, and know the clients. Additionally, the owner doesn’t have to share extensive financial and confidential information with a third party. The fact that it is also a lucrative and effective way for an owner to exit is an added bonus.
Flexible Transition – Control can still rest with the founding owner until such time that they are ready to fully transition controlling ownership. Employee owners are not typically provided a seat on the board until they hold a significant ownership percentage. See our last blog post which talks about participation and what that can look like.
Overall, it is a win for all, the founding owners, the employees, and the economy. An added bonus is that it can support democracy by strengthening the wealth of the middle class without government intervention.
By Joanna Phillips, CHRL, CVB, Vice President, and Perry Phillips CPA, CA, CBV, President